The 193 Member States and global civil society participated in the UN-led process. The resolution constitutes a comprehensive intergovernmental agreement that constitutes a post-2015 development agenda. The SDGs build on the principles agreed in resolution A/RES/66/288 entitled “The Future We Want”.  This was a non-binding document published following the Rio+20 conference in 2012.  The Rockefeller Foundation states that “the key to financing and achieving the SDGs is to mobilize a larger share of the more than $200 trillion in annual private capital investment for development efforts, and philanthropy plays a crucial role in catalyzing this change.”  Major funders who participated in a design brainstorming workshop organized by the Rockefeller Foundation concluded that “if there is a moral imperative to achieve the SDGs, failure is inevitable if there are no drastic changes in the way we finance big changes.”  The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and improve the lives and prospects of all everywhere. The 17 goals were adopted in 2015 by all UN member states as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which adopted a 15-year plan to achieve these goals. The Summit on Sustainable Development was held from 25 to 27 September at UN Headquarters in New York. Countries have officially adopted the historic new agenda transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the UN`s 193 member states and which includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). ● The main statisticians of the Member States are working on the identification of objectives with a view to having indicators for each Objective 2. There will be about 300 indicators for all the objectives. However, if the objectives are covered by cross-cutting themes, the number of indicators may be reduced. The Secretary-General remains confident that U.S.
cities, states and businesses will continue to show vision and leadership in working for low-carbon, resilient economic growth that will create quality jobs. The WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) reported in 2017 that 4.5 billion people currently lack safely managed sanitation facilities.  In 2017, only 71% of the world`s population was using safe drinking water and 2.2 billion people did not yet have safe drinking water. Regarding water stress: “In 2017, Central and South Asia and North Africa experienced very high water stress, defined as the ratio of freshwater withdrawn to total renewable freshwater resources – by more than 70%.  Official development assistance (ODA) to the water sector increased to $9 billion in 2018.  The new agenda is human-centred, universal, transformative and integrated. Over the next 15 years, it calls for action by all countries for all human beings in five essential areas: people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership. The Agenda recognises that ending poverty must go hand in hand with a plan that develops economic growth and addresses a number of social needs while tackling climate change.
Although the SDGs are not legally binding, governments are expected to assume their responsibilities and create a national framework to achieve the 17 goals. Countries have the primary responsibility to monitor and review progress towards the goals that require quality, accessible and timely data collection. Regional follow-up and review activities will be based on analysis at the national level and will contribute to monitoring and review at the global level. SDG 8 says: “Promote sustainable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all”.  For least developed countries, the economic objective is to achieve annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth of at least 7%. . . .